LED (Light Emitting Diode) is a semiconductor light emitting diode. We know that diode allows the current in one direction and does not allow the reverse current which will affect the components in the circuit. LED also do the same function but will emit a small light when it allowed the current, which will give the sign or visual indication to the normal human that circuit is working. There are lots of applications using LEDs. They are mainly used for the visual indication in any electronic devices, measuring and interacting with the process, displaying the pictures in TV or in any advertisement hoarding, etc.
Two LED blinking circuits are given below. First one is dancing bi-color LEDs (two different color LEDs) where the two colors LED will run in sequence. In the second circuit, we will blink the LEDs in a regular period of time.
Dancing Bi-Color LED Circuit:
Generally, we use small voltage bulbs in the dancing bulbs. This circuit is mainly used in the occasions, decoration articles or in visual indication sign boards etc. In this project, we use bi-color LEDs for sequential running light.
Block Diagram of Bi-Color LED Circuit:
The timer is used for setting the sequential flow rate for the bi-color LED panel. The CD4017 is a decade counter which provides the timing and will make the LED ON/OFF according to the time determined.
Main Components in this Circuit:
CD4017: CD4017 is a 16 pin decade counter and only 10 pins are used for output. The 4017 will get triggered by the clock pulses. The main operation of the decade counter is as follows: When a clock pulse is taken as an input, only one output is made high for first clock pulse and remaining all output pins will be made low. For the second clock pulse, another output pin is made high and remaining all pins are made low and so on. The time period of the output pin is high according to the width of the pulse. CD4017 is used in many applications where the counter is needed.
CD4017 clock pulses from output pins timing diagram are shown below:
Bi-Color LED Dancing Lights Circuit Diagram:
Circuit Diagram Explanation:
- In the Bi-color LED, it should be connected to the counter as shown in the circuit. The anode of first LED in bicolor LED is connected to the anode of the second LED of 10th bi-color LED and in the same fashion, the remaining LEDs are connected, only the second anode of first bicolor LED is connected to the reset pin of the CD4017. All the cathode of bicolor LEDs is made ground.
- The main operation of this circuit depends on the 555 timers which are set in astable multivibrator mode and decade counter CD4017; the 555 timers will generate low-frequency clock pulse and give input to the decade counter which will make the sequential running of the LEDs.
- A variable resistor can vary the resistance which will change the width of the pulse. If the pulse width is changed, the time period of running the LEDs will also get changed. We run the LEDs in fast or slow. Running speed can be altered by a variable resistor. The first anode of 10th bi-color LED is made short to the reset pin of the decade counter for continuous running of lights.
LED Flasher Circuit:
LED Flasher is a simple circuit which will blink the LEDs in a regular time period. This circuit can be used for decoration purpose or can be used for a signaling purpose and many more.
Block Diagram of LED Flasher Circuit:
The 555 timers are used to generate the PWM signal which will cause the LEDs to blink. The speed of the blinking by LED is determined by the potentiometer connected to the 555 timers. The PNP transistor is used to flash or blinks the LEDs.
LED Flasher Circuit Diagram:
- The 555 timers are made to be configured as an astable multivibrator. The potentiometer which is connected to the timer should be preset and also to adjust the blinking or flashing speed of the LEDs.
- The bi-color LEDs are used in this circuit and connected to each other as shown in the schematic. The PWM signal is the output of the 555 timers given to transistor, which acts as an inverter. When the pulse generated by 555 timers is low, the transistor will get ON and LEDs will get ON. When the input of the transistor is high, the transistor will get OFF and LEDs are made OFF. This ON/OFF of LEDs will go for every pulse width signal cycle. This mechanism will make the LEDs flashing.
- The dancing LED circuit can be used for any visual sign indication in any highways or it can be used in advertisement hoarding also.
- LED blinking circuit can be used in signaling purpose (It can be used as a signal for help if you are in danger)
- LED blinking circuit can be used as flashing beacon.
- LED blinking circuit can be used as a vehicle indicator when it is broke down in the middle of the road. It can be used in operation theaters or offices as an indication that you are engaged in work.
- There are lots of applications with these two circuits.